Clostridium In Dogs – Symptoms And Treatment

The genus Clostridium is a group of anaerobic bacteria (they can thrive in conditions where oxygen is not present) which have been linked to several important diseases in dogs. Two of the most common clostridial infections in dogs are caused by Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium difficile.

Some healthy dogs have been found to harbor C. difficile in their gastrointestinal tract without suffering any infection. However antibiotic treatment can create a favorable environment for this bacterium to increase in number and cause a condition called pseudomembranous colitis, a serious local infection affecting the colon.

Clostridium perfringens is also considered a normal bacterial flora of the gastrointestinal tract. However when conditions are favorable for their multiplication and colonization, the infectious agent can cause Clostridial enterotoxicosis, an abnormal condition of the intestinal tract which is manifested by diarrhea and abdominal pain. Vomiting and fever may also be present. There are certain types of Clostridium perfringens that produce toxins and have been linked to food poisoning in dogs. These are bacteria which are acquired when dogs eat poorly cooked meat or poultry. Most dogs suffering from food poisoning often recover from the gastrointestinal symptoms after a day or two without any serious complications. However, there are those that develop into clostridial necrotizing enteritis, an infection which may be fatal for dogs.

There are several predisposing factors that may pave the way for proliferation and colonization of Clostridium perfringens which includes a sudden change in diet, deficient antibodies, high intestinal pH, exposure to sick dogs in a kennel or hospital, and concurrent conditions affecting the digestive system such as gastroenteritis, parvovirus, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Diagnosis of Clostridial infections in dogs is based on a complete history and thorough physical exam. Your veterinarian may also recommend specific diagnostic tests such as complete blood count, urinalysis, and biochemical blood profile. Microscopic analysis of a fecal sample is also indicated. An endoscope can be used to get a clear view of the condition of the dog’s intestines and also to get tissue samples for further examination and bacterial culture. The latest state of the art diagnostic tool for Clostridium perfringens infection is an immunologic test which can identify the presence of the bacterial toxin in the fecal sample. The test is made more accurate when combined with the PCR testing to detect the Clostridial gene which has been linked to enterotoxin production.

Clostridium infection in dogs can be treated with a round of antibiotics which can be given orally for several weeks. Some of the most common antibiotics of choice include metronidazole, ampicillin, tylosin, amoxicillin, and tylosin.

Eye Infections in Dogs

An eye infection is a relatively general description of a medical condition that may result in discomfort, discharge and abnormal appearance of a dog’s eyes and surrounding tissue.

Conjunctivitis
This is generally the most common type of eye infection seen regularly in dogs. Conjunctivitis is characterized by the inflammation of the portion of the eye called the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin, clear membrane that protects the eye as well as the inner eyelid. The cause of this condition is most commonly a viral infection, an allergic reaction, or a bacterial infection.

The most common bacteria that cause conjunctivitis are streptococci and staphylococci. In Allergic conjunctivitis, the cause may be any number of airborne irritants that are causing an allergic reaction. Conjunctivitis that is caused by a virus is usually a result of a respiratory infection, flu, or other viral conditions. Regardless of the specific cause, this is the condition that manifests with all of the general symptoms of an eye infection, without any secondary symptoms.

Blepharitis
Blepharitis is a condition that usually manifests as an inflammation of the eyelids. The most common cause of this condition is a bacterial infection, which causes the subsequent inflammation of the eyelid. Other causes include demodectic mites, sensitivity to the sun, trauma, and other eye diseases. Though this condition may affect humans as well as dogs, it is occasionally seen in cats and other mammals.

Ulcerative Keratitis
In the condition of Ulcerative Keratitis, a dog’s eye is subject to inflammation of the cornea. This is usually characterized by specific erosions of the cornea, though may also manifest as ulcers. This condition can be caused by several factors, though is commonly caused by keratoconjunctivitis sicca.

The common name for keratoconjunctivitis sicca is “Dry Eye”, and is characterized by a deficiency of tears, usually caused by abnormalities in the tear ducts. Other causes of this condition include herpesvirus, trauma(where eye is punctured), other disease affecting the eyes/tear ducts, and facial nerve paralysis.

Juvenile Cellulitis (Puppy Strangles)
This is a condition that usually manifests as blisters around the eyes, in addition to blisters around the lips, mouth, nose and ears. These blisters will cause irritation to the eyes, resulting in many of the common symptoms of an eye infection. The blisters will eventually become ulcerated, and a dog will have other secondary symptoms, such as enlarged lymph glands and anorexia. This condition is caused by a bacterial infection.

Blindness In Cats – Five Common Causes Of Feline Blindness

Cats naturally have superior vision. However, there are various conditions that can cause blindness in cats. Some of these conditions include hypertension, glaucoma, and cancer. Let’s take a look at some of these causes of feline blindness.

Hypertension

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is one of the leading causes of blindness in cats. If left untreated, the pressure can cause the retina to rupture. This can occur in just a matter of days. Cats that have kidney disease, diabetes, or hyperthyroidism have the highest risk of developing hypertension.

An early sign that your cat is suffering from high blood pressure is the presence of dilated pupils. The pupils won’t respond to a change in light, and there also may be blood in your cat’s eye. Hypertension is dealt with by treating the underlying cause. Your cat may also need to start eating foods low in sodium.

Glaucoma

One of the next common causes of feline blindness is glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition in which there is too much pressure within the eye. It is also a common problem for humans. If your cat is diagnosed in the early stages, the pressure may be reduced via medications. If it has already progressed, your cat may need surgery to correct the problem.

Cancer

Another cause of blindness in cats is cancer. Tumors can grow in or around the eye. In most cases, the eye will need to be surgically removed. However, it is usually replaced with a prosthetic eye to give a more natural look.

Atrophy

Progressive retinal atrophy is an untreatable condition that leads to feline blindness. Most cats suffer from this condition because they inherited it. The disease progresses slowly over time, but will lead to total blindness.

Kidney Disease

One of the final common causes is kidney disease. It is common for older cats to suffer problems like chronic renal failure as they age. Unfortunately, chronic renal failure leads to hypertension. As stated earlier, hypertension can easily cause sudden blindness in cats if the retina ruptures.

Low Maintenance Dogs

Most of us want to have a pet dog to come home to after a long days work. But because of our hectic schedules and busy lifestyles, we have second thoughts of getting one since we cant really take care of our pet properly. However, there is still hope. There are certain dog breeds that are fun and very low maintenance. These dogs can practically live anywhere as long as they are given the right amount of attention, love and care.

Bolognese

Small and playful, this breed is a great apartment dog. The Bolognese originated in Italy where they became very popular companions amongst nobles and royal courts. Bolognese dogs do not really have a lot of health issues and they only need occasional walks. They are very smart and easy to train. However, they can be a little reserved when it comes to strangers, but they get along very well with other animals and kids.

Japanese Chin

Japanese Chins actually originated in China and were bred in Japan. They are small dogs, weighing at around 8 to 12 pounds. These dogs are not very active and prefer to lounge around. Their coats need regular combing and brushing so that it does not mat, but they do not shed a lot. Health wise, these dogs are prone to a few illnesses. They tend to get sick with heart problems, cataracts, back problems, and luxating patellas.

Greyhound

Known to spend more time on the tracks than anywhere else, Grayhounds are actually low maintenance dogs that are perfect for condominiums and apartments. They have very short coats so grooming is not a problem. Usually, Greyhounds are gentle, quiet, and loving dogs that are very smart and easy to train. However, these dogs are known to have very sensitive skin and may have problems coping with extreme temperatures.

Bullmastiff

Most people have second thoughts about getting a Bullmastiff. These large dogs look scary because of their size, but theyre actually pretty docile. These dogs were once bred to take down pray or intruders, hold them down and wait for their owners to come. Despite the Bullmastiffs size, its actually a low energy dog, making it perfect for apartment dwellers. However, it will need some space to lounge around since they are better off living inside with their owners then outside alone. Because of their size, these dogs are also prone to degenerative myelopathy. Degenerative myelopathy causes them to lose control of their nerves and can lead to full body paralysis.

Merial Frontline For Cats

Merial is the Manufacturer of all the Frontline treatments meant to control flea and tick on the pets like cats. According to survey Merial Frontline products are best to get your cat rid of the parasitic attack. External parasites like Fleas and ticks often cause unwanted uneasiness in your pets. The Merial Frontline products kills 100 percent adult fleas and ticks in very less time, also prevents and stops infestations by killing flea larvae and flea eggs completely i.e it eradicates the complete life cycle of fleas and ticks thereby preventing their further attack.

Ticks carry and transmit harmful diseases to both you and your animal so they can never be left to aggravate. In such situation Merial frontline proves to be the best option to kill ticks infesting on cats and also prevent them.

Merial Frontline kills 100 percent of fleas in 12 hours of application and provides fast acting, long lasting flea and tick control. It breaks the flea life cycle preventing the future infestations. But question is how it works, when you apply Merial Frontline, Fipronil the active ingredient present in the treatment, is stored in the oil glands under your pets skin. It is then distributed continuously to skin and hair of your pet through the hair follicles. It offers continuous protection for entire month.

The best quality of Merial Frontline products is that, it is waterproof even when your cat grooms or is playing in water, this is because it is distributed into the cats oil glands and is slowly released that remains waterproof for up to 30 days. It can be used safely on cats are more than 8 weeks of age it is also safe to use on pregnant pets. Use Frontline every month for best results.

How to use Merial Frontline

For Frontline Spot on and Frontline plus:

Part your catss hair until you see the skin of your cat.
Place the tip of the applicator on the skin and apply gently at the affected area.
Keep your treated cat away from the other pets for about 1hour until the Frontline is thoroughly dry.
Only one applicator per treatment should be used.

For Frontline Spray:

Spray the easy to apply liquid at the affected area of the cat
Follow the instructions give on the bottle strictly.
Keep away from Children
For best results use it every month.

According to clinical reports there are no noted side effects by using Merial Frontline.

Frontline Cats Products Treating Fleas And Parasites That Attack Your Pets

Fleas are common parasites that can cause distress to both pets and pet owners.Frontline for cats products can be a proactive way for you to treat those harmful parasites that attack your pets.

Why You Need to Prevent Fleas

Fleas are blood sucking parasites that can cause misery to their hosts. Flea bites can be very irritating and cause swelling, itching and sore skin. Both humans and animals can also be allergic to the fleas saliva. This can make flea bites even more unpleasant and can make you feel generally unwell. Fleas can also sometimes pass bacteria and diseases through their bites.

Fleas are common parasites and they can quickly spread so it is important to be proactive about treating and preventing them. Regular usage of Frontline for cats products can help you to stay on top of fleas and prevent them from making you and your pets lives a misery.

How Do Frontline Cats Products Work?

Frontline cats products work in a very unique way. Instead of repelling fleas they actively work to kill them. This means that any adult fleas picked up by your cats will be killed quickly before they can irritate you pets or start laying eggs around your home.

Frontline cats products contain a chemical that works to over-stimulate the fleas nervous system. This is fatal to the flea but does not harm your pets in anyway.

Once you have treated your pets the Frontline for cats products will get to work treating existing fleas. They should be killed within 24 hours and will drop off naturally.

You will need to use the Frontline Spot On products regularly to maintain protection against fleas (every four weeks).

This can be combined with Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) products that can treat eggs and larvae already present in your home.

This can help to break the flea life cycle and prevent infestations from taking over your home.

The Spot On products will need to be applied on the skin at the back of the neck on your cats. This will ensure your cat cannot lick the product off before it gets to work

Dont forget fleas can be a problem all year round due to modern centrally heated homes. This means you should continue to use Frontline for cats products in the winter to maintain protection.

Frontline cats products can also treat other parasites such as ticks.

Ticks are also very common particularly in more rural areas that have higher wild animal populations.

Ticks are recognised as a key carrier of diseases such as Lyme disease which can be unpleasant for humans and difficult to treat.

Ticks will feed from both animal and human hosts so it is important to prevent against these blood-sucking parasites.

With Frontline cats products you can treat your pets for both fleas and ticks and help to keep these nasty parasites at bay.

Denamarin For Dogs – Advantages And Side Effects

Dogs are more than just animals to millions of people across the world. They are family members. And as family members, you want to make sure that your dog is taken care of physically, so that he enjoys a long, happy, and healthy life. Dogs, like people, are subject to internal ailments, which require medical attention, and one of the most crucial parts of the canine anatomy to look after is the liver. With medicines such as Denamarin, you can help preserve your pet’s safety and health for years to come. But before deciding whether Denamarin is the right choice for your dog, you should first do some research and learn about the advantages and disadvantages that can arise as a result of using the product.

Supporting liver function is the number one priority of Denamarin. By supporting the liver, the medicine allows dogs to more easily digest foods and absorb the nutrients that are necessary for continued good health. Digestive issues can be the start of more serious issues, not just for dogs but for people and all other types of animals. The canine digestive system relies on glutathione, which Denamarin helps to produce. Silybin also helps with the flow of bile, which also serves to aid in digestion.

Denamarin also helps to fight disease, which can afflict the dog liver as easily as it can the human liver. In humans, a condition called cirrhosis, or chronic active hepatitis, can eat away at the liver’s functions and ultimately shut it down. Dogs are subject to a similar condition, which Denamarin helps fight against. A dog’s liver can also become the target of common but deadly diseases such as cancer and hepatitis. With Denamarin, the restricted blood flow through the liver that often occurs as a result of these diseases is avoidable.

Furthermore, a dog really doesn’t have to be a certain age or size for you to administer this preventative medication for their well-being. Whether you’re dealing with a large, medium, or small breed, all dogs can benefit from the long-term effects of Denamarin. However, some animals may have allergens or predispositions against taking the medication. It’s always a good idea to first check with a veterinarian before administering, and you should never give more than the recommended amount for fear of overdose. Dogs may also develop some gastrointestinal discomfort and itching as a result of using the product.

Denamarin can also be difficult to administer to a dog. In order to prevent the animal from rejecting the dosage, you should probably try to hide it within the day’s food supply or mix it in with a special treat. That way you know that your dog is getting the treatment he needs and deserves.

How Long do Cats Live For

Asking how long cats live for is like asking how long does it take a man to run 100 metres. Every cat will be different and how you look after them, where you live and what you feed them can all have a major impact on just how long your kitten is likely to live.

The average age for cats to live is somewhere around 13 or 14 years, however they can live into their early twenties in many cases if they are in a conducive environment to do so. Obviously, like humans, your kitten may well succumb to disease as it grows older or have an accident which prematurely ends their life. Many cats die at a younger age simply because they are outdoor cats and with the threat of traffic, intentional violence by humans or fights with other animals, many cats will never reach their prime. However, cats that remain indoors will almost certainly live a great deal longer if they are kept healthy with the right pet diet.

Obviously, you have to weigh up whether you wish to keep your pet indoors. Many feel that such an approach is cruel, although if you offer them plenty to do and they have a great number of toys to play with, along with giving them plenty of your own time, there is no reason that they can’t be equally as happy indoors.

The right pet diet is going to be important either way. For your pet to live as long as possible it is going to need to be as healthy as possible. Keeping treats to a minimum and choosing pet food that is nutritionally balanced and scientifically engineered to be as healthy as possible for your pet at each stage of its life will ensure that not only are your cat’s bones and organs healthy, but also that your pet doesn’t become overweight and succumb to problems such as heart disease and obesity.

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Everything Owner’s Need to Know About Distemper in Dogs

Many body systems can be affected by the viral disease known as distemper. The gastrointestinal, respiratory, and central nervous systems of your dog can be affected. Young puppies are particularly affected by this disease which is often fatal to them.

The distemper-causing virus is mainly transmitted through the air. Dogs that breathe these airborne particles in will become infected. If your dog has been infected, you will shed the virus in his urine and feces. The virus won’t be gone even after the symptoms have gone away. Your dog will keep shedding the virus for a few weeks. The virus will stop being shed after your dog makes a complete recovery.

Various bodily systems can be affected by distemper as mentioned earlier. Common symptoms include diarrhea, conjunctivitis, and vomiting. It is also common for dog to experience pneumonia or signs of another upper respiratory infection.

Dogs infected with this virus commonly lose their appetite, develop a fever, and experience eye inflammation. If the virus affects the central nervous system, your dog may experience seizures, depression, and also loss of motor skills. These are more serious signs of the disease.

Canine distemper can sometimes be hard to diagnose since other conditions can cause some of its same symptoms. The diagnosis can be confirmed using a laboratory test. There are various methods used to detect the virus and dogs that are affected will have low white blood cell counts.

Secondary bacterial infections may also occur. Therefore, the vet may elect to give your dog antibiotics too. Medications will also be given to help relieve diarrhea. Some dogs become dehydrated because of the diarrhea. They will need to be given intravenous fluids.

Most dogs are given a vaccine to prevent infection by this virus. All dogs need to be given this vaccination shot. Some dogs will need to receive a booster shot every couple of years or so.

Using Promeris For Cats For Flea Treatment

There are many different choices of fast working and long lasting flea medication for you to choose from in an effort to treat your cats. One of the most popular choices is Promeris for cats. This medication is recommended by most veterinarians for its quick speed and successful track record.

Of course Promeris for cats will not be your only option but it is probably going to be the best option that you have. Promeris for cats is one of the best available topical flea treatments for todays cats because of its dual active ingredients. This product is also known for treating the fleas quickly and preventing their return.

You will find that Promeris for cats is successful in treating and preventing the return of fleas in your cat which will help you to remain loyal to the product and use it on a regular monthly basis. This medication has become increasingly popular with veterinarians and is quickly rising to the top where it is the most requested and prescribed choice for flea treatment.

There are many reasons that Promeris for cats is so popular, one of which is the fact that it is waterproof once dried. This means that you only need to keep your pet still while the product is drying rather than having to wait for it to take effect or avoiding water with your pet for some time. It is completely effective even after you bathe and clean your cat so that is something else that you should take into consideration since this is not a true fact with all flea treatment options.

This is one choice in flea treatment that is going to kill the adult and alive fleas, the larvae, and the eggs so it offers total flea treatment and continued control for one month after the application. This is another of the great features of since it offers a way to be able to relax after the once a month treatment. The product also comes in two different sized applications, one of which is made with kittens in mind and the other that is made when considering full sized adult cats.